Bài viết liên quan:

Từ khóa tiếng Anh về chủ đề Môi trường (Environment)-phần 2

Bài viết trước Ce Phan đã biên soạn một số từ khóa hay sử dụng khi trả lời các câu hỏi trong phần thi IELTS Speaking về chủ đề môi trường. Bài viết này tiếp tục giới thiệu một số từ khóa khác được biên soạn ở dạng liệt kê theo từ loại và có câu ví dụ kèm theo để các bạn biết cách sử dụng. 

Bài viết liên quan:

Từ vựng tiếng Anh thông dụng về thời tiết (weather)

IELTS Key Words | Từ khóa tiếng Anh về chủ đề Môi trường (Environment)-phần 1

Từ vựng và cụm từ tiếng Anh thông dụng về chủ đề ô nhiễm môi trường

Bạn nên thực hành với các phần thi Speaking Part 1,2,3 với chủ đề Môi trường (Environment) sau khi học xong các từ khóa bên dưới

 

1. to recycleto use objects or matrerials again after processing by converting waste into reusable material

Ví dụ: 

It is possible to recycle cardboard into lower grade materials, such as paper


2. to  contaminateto make something poisonous as a result of adding waste or chemical

Ví dụ:  The incentives strongly encourage oil companies to not contaminate the water supply


3. to endanger: put (someone or something) at risk or in danger

Ví dụ: 

It is a criminal offence to  endanger the lives of the public by allowing the introduction of a contaminate into the mains supply.


4. air pollution: bad air quality that usually caused be harmful gases

Ví dụ: 

According to a recent study, air pollution in Russia causes the death of approximately 4000 citizens per day or 1.6 million people per year.


5. soil pollution: the presence of toxic chemicals or man made waste in soil

Ví dụ: 

Plastics do contribute to soil pollution.


6. water pollution: the presence of harmful materials in water, such as dissolved metals, waste from farms

Ví dụ:

Water pollution causes marine life to die.


7. to protect: keep safe from harm or injury

Ví dụ: 

For more than 15 years, the nonprofit volunteer-run center has worked to educate the community to protectwildlife and their habitats.


8. conservation: The protection of a natural resource, usually by planned management, to prevent its depletion or destruction

Ví dụ:

I’ve decided to dedicate the rest of my life to environmental conservation.


9. toxic waste: waste products that are hazardous to the environment, people, animals

Ví dụ:

All of the military activity has left it atoxic waste hazard


10. greenhouse gas: a gas that contributes to the greenhouse effect by  trapping heat above the Earth

Ví dụ: 

Here is a list of habits each one of us can form to help reducegreenhouse gas missions.


11. environmentalist: a person whose lifestyle, political etc choices are designed to minimise human impact on the natural environment

Ví dụ: 

Environmentalists often encourage us to buy our foods from local sources. They say it is good for the environment

 

 

 

TỪ KHÓA THEO TỪ LOẠI

 

1. depletion: noun 

Ví dụ: 

The combined effects of overpopulation, resource depletion,and environmental degradation will cause great economic losses.


2. to deplete: verb

Ví dụ: The clearance of trees and vegetationdepletes the soil , resulting in decreasing agricultural yields .


3. contamination: noun

 

Ví dụ: 

There is no danger of long-termcontamination.


4. to contaminate: verb

Ví dụ:

The incentives strongly encourage oil companies to not contaminate the water supply


5. contaminated: adjective

Ví dụ:

He is ill as a result of eatingcontaminated food


6. endangered: adjective

Ví dụ:

There are a few different ways that helping endangered species can be profitable


7. to endanger: verb

Ví dụ: 

There are a few different ways that helping endangered species can be profitable


8. to recycle: verb

Ví dụ: 

It is possible to recycle cardboard into lower grade materials, such as paper


9. recycling: noun

Ví dụ: 

Recycling is not only good for environment but it also creates so many jobs across many levels


10. recyclable: adjective

Ví dụ: 

Most businesses generate more  recyclable waste then residual waste.

 


11. emission: noun

Ví dụ: 

Drastic carbon emission reductions would undoubtedly be better for the atmosphere and climate


12. to emit: verb

Ví dụ: 

The new car emits less than 160g/km CO2

 


13. degradation: noun

Ví dụ: 

More and more farmers move to the city as deforestation and agricultural  degradation become ever more widespread .


14. to degrade: verb

Ví dụ: 

Freshwater ecosystems have already been severely  degraded.


15. biodegradable: adjective

Ví dụ: 

Most plastic is not biodegradable.


16. degradable: adjective

Even the  degradable plastics may break into fragments that litter the soil.


17. pollution: noun

Ví dụ: 

Water pollution causes marine life to die.


18. pollute: verb

Ví dụ: 

Intensive use of pesticides and fertilisers seriously  pollutes water, soil and air0


19. polluted: adjective 

Ví dụ

People are becoming more and more aware of the detrimental effects of living in heavily polluted areas


20. conservation: noun

Ví dụ: 

Energy conservation is important for many reasons


21. conserve: verb

Ví dụ: 

Our aim is  to minimise energy consumption and  conserve natural resources.


22. disposal: noun

Ví dụ: 

The creditors declined the  offer, preferring to realize the estate themselves. 

23. to dispose: verb

Ví dụ: 

The best way to dispose of the cell phone battery is to recycle it

24. disposable: adjective

Ví dụ: Disposable razor blades get dull from water corrosion.


25.  hazard: noun

Ví dụ: 

One of the most widespread natural  hazards is flooding.


26. hazardous: adjective

Ví dụ: 

Hazardous waste disposal can be a complicated process.


27. threat: noun

Ví dụ: 

This could save the world from one of its biggest environmental threats.


28. to threaten: adjective

Ví dụ: 

Always look for hazards that threatenthe environment.


29. sustainability: noun

Ví dụ: 

Energy conservation is important for many reasons.


30. sustainable: adjective

Ví dụ: 

Cities offer a far more sustainable lifestyle than suburban or rural areas.


 

 

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Biên soạn: Ce Phan