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Câu hỏi và gợi ý trả lời về chủ đề giao thông (transport)

Bài viết này đưa ra một số câu hỏi tiêu biểu về chủ đề Giao thông (Transport) và câu trả lời mẫu cho từng câu hỏi. Bài hướng dẫn này tiếp nối với các bài viết hướng dẫn các từ vựng trong cùng một chủ đề và các từ khóa IELTS để giúp bạn cải thiện điểm số IELTS trong phần thi Speaking. Cuối bài viết Ce Phan có thống kê lại các từ khóa mà bạn có thể sẽ dùng để trả lời các câu hỏi về chủ đề Giao thông. 

 

 Câu hỏi mẫu

Part 1:

  • Which form(s) of transport do you usually use?

Useful words: motorbike ; bicycle ; boat ; train ; airplane ; bus ; car (các loại phương tiện) ; public transport (phương tiện giao thông công cộng) convinience (sự tiện lợi) ; (to) go on a vacation (đi nghỉ mát, đi chơi)

Sample answer: I often go by motorbike because of its convinience. I can also go anywhere in the city where is hard to approach by public transport. But sometimes I take the train to go on vacation at a far distance. 

  • What is the easiest way to get around your town/city?

Useful words: sử dụng lại các từ vựng về phương tiện như trên ; For tourists (đối với người du lịch) ; For local people (đối với người địa phương) ; một vài cấu trúc so sánh nhất như: It's the most convinient way to go by .... (Sẽ là tiện lợi nhất khi sử dụng phương tiện) ; people find it very comfortable to travel by .... (mọi người cảm thấy rất thoải mái khi đi lại bằng ...)

  • Do people use public transport where you live?

Useful words: They'd like to the bus when they go for work (or)... (Họ thích đi lại bằng xe bus khi đi làm ...) ; I don't think people enjoy going by train because there are only few trips per day from train station (Tôi không nghĩ là mọi người thích đi tàu hỏa, bởi vì chỉ có vài chuyển đi mỗi ngày từ Ga xe lửa thôi)

  • Are there any problems with the public transport system in your town/city?

Useful words: traffic congestions (kẹt xe) ; (to) get flooded (bị ngập úng) ; (to) have accidents (bị tai nạn giao thông) ; self-awareness of traffic safety (tự nhận thức về an toàn giao thông)

  • How do you prefer to travel on long journeys?
  • What is the most unusual method of transport you've ever used?
  • Are you happy with transportation services in your country?
  • Will the quality of transportation in your country get better or worse?
  • What form of transport is worst for the environment?

Part 2

Describe an interesting journey you have been on.

You should say:

  • where you went
  • how you travelled there
  • who you went with

and explain what was so memorable about the journey.

 

Part 3 

     1. What measures could be taken to reduce problems of congestion in cities?

Useful phrase: For example (Ví dụ) ; Another example (một ví dụ khác) ; Another way (một cách khác) ; like (giống như) ; could be reduced (có thể sẽ được giảm xuống) ; can ease the traffic (có thể làm thông thoáng giao thông) 

Sample answer: There are many ways that congestion could be reduced in big cities. In my city, for example, they have introduced a bike rental system where members can pick up a bike at one point and drop it off at another. It’s proving to be very popular and as a result more cycle lanes are also being provided.  Another example, which unfortunately doesn’t exist in my city, is a park and ride scheme where you leave your car outside the city in a carpark and then take a free bus into the centre. Another way to prevent people bringing their cars into the city would be to charge a special fee to access the centre, like they do in London, though I guess this wouldn’t be quite so popular with the residents.

     2. Do you think people like to travel far away from home? Why?

Useful phrases: Yes/ No (phải trả lời yes/no) ;  some people (một vài người) ; everyone (mọi người) ; a lot of young people (nhiều người trẻ)

Sample answer: Yes, some people do, but not everyone does. Some people don’t like travelling outside their own country, or even their city. A lot of young people like travelling to places far away because they see these places as being more exotic or exciting because everything is different there.

     3. Do you think trains now are more environmentally friendly compared to older models? Why?

Useful phrases: Yes/ No (phải trả lời yes/no) ; cleaner fuel (nhiên liệu sạch hơn (đối với môi trường)) ; more efficient (hiệu quả hơn) ; quieter, quicker (yên lặng hơn và nhanh hơn) ; less obtrusive (ít khó chịu hơn)

Sample answer: Generally, yes … they use cleaner fuel; they’re more efficient, quieter, quicker and less obtrusive. They’re probably a little more comfortable for longer journeys too. Of course, it depends on the type of train you’re travelling on, there’s a big difference between a train which goes between two different countries, long distance, and a subway train used by commuters. 

     4. What amenities do the new trains have? (amenities : những tiện nghi)

Useful phrases:

Sample answer: Well, the long distance trains normally have somewhere you can eat, maybe even a bar or restaurant, internet access through Wi-Fi, sometimes a refreshment service where a person comes round with snacks and drinks and of course many trains have sleeper compartments for really long journeys so that people can sleep overnight while travelling. They also have some improved safety features compared to older trains.

     5. Do you agree that governments should do more to encourage greener methods of transport?

Useful phrases:  (to) raise traffic safety awareness (nâng nao nhận thức giao thông an toàn); (be) friendly to environment (thân thiện với môi trường);  

     6. What measures could be taken to reduce problems of congestion in cities?

Useful phrases: (to) change working practices (thay đổi giờ làm); (to) charge transportation fees (tính phí giao thông); (to) close the city center to traffic (ngăn không cho xe chạy vào trung tâm thành phố) ; (to) use public forms of transport instead of private vehicles (sử dụng giao thông công cộng thay cho giao thông cá nhân)

     7. Do you think that transport problems are worse in urban or rural areas?

Useful phrases: more variety of vehicles in the cities (có nhiều loại phương tiện GT ở các thành phố) ; more polution such as: air pollution and noise pollusion in the urban areas (ô nhiễm nhiều hơn trong đô thị: ô nhiễm không khí, ô nhiễm tiếng ồn); efficient transportation system in downtowns (hệ thống giao thông hiệu quả tại những khu vực trung tâm)

  • What are some of the problems of long-distance travelling?
  • Has the way people travel changed much in the last few decades?
  • How has international transportation changed in the past few decades?
  • What are the transportation needs of your country?
  • Do you think we are spoilt for choice these days with all the different transportation options?
  • What do you think will be the next big breakthrough in transportation?

 

Các từ vựng hay dùng trong IELTS Speaking trả lời câu hỏi về chủ đề giao thông

Cách đi lại trong các thành phố

  • to take/catch the metro / underground / subway
  • to take/catch a tram
  • to take/catch a bus
  • to take/catch a taxi
  • to go by car
  • to go by motorbike/scooter/moped
  • to go by bike/bicycle / to cycle
  • to go on foot / to walk

Những cách lại khác

  • to go by plane / to take/catch a flight
  • to go by / to take/catch a train
  • to go by / to take a coach
  • to go by / to take/catch a boat/ferry

Những vấn đề về giao thông

  • long delays = my flight/plane was delayed
  • cancellations = my flight was cancelled
  • to lose your luggage
  • to miss your connection
  • to be stuck in traffic-jams / traffic congestion
  • to be held up by roadworks / diversions / accidents
  • to break down = my car broke down
  • bad weather conditions
  • thick fog / icy roads / heavy rain / strong winds / heavy storm

Những giải pháp khác nhau để giải quyết kẹt xe

  • road access charges in city centres
  • car share schemes / incentives
  • bypasses / ringroads
  • park and ride schemes
  • free rental of city bikes
  • more cycle lanes
  • more frequent buses / extended network of buses
  • cheaper public transport
  • more pedestrianised streets
  • more electric trams
  • more accessible metro system

 

 

 

Nguồn: ipassielts.com

Biên soạn: Ce Phan