Câu hỏi và gợi ý trả lời về chủ đề giao thông (transport)
Bài viết này đưa ra một số câu hỏi tiêu biểu về chủ đề Giao thông (Transport) và câu trả lời mẫu cho từng câu hỏi. Bài hướng dẫn này tiếp nối với các bài viết hướng dẫn các từ vựng trong cùng một chủ đề và các từ khóa IELTS để giúp bạn cải thiện điểm số IELTS trong phần thi Speaking. Cuối bài viết Ce Phan có thống kê lại các từ khóa mà bạn có thể sẽ dùng để trả lời các câu hỏi về chủ đề Giao thông.
Câu hỏi mẫu
- Which form(s) of transport do you usually use?
- What is the easiest way to get around your town/city?
- Do people use public transport where you live?
- Are there any problems with the public transport system in your town/city?
- How do you prefer to travel on long journeys?
- What is the most unusual method of transport you've ever used?
Describe an interesting journey you have been on.
You should say:
and explain what was so memorable about the journey.
- What methods of transport are most popular in your city / country?
- What are some of the problems of long-distance travelling?
- Has the way people travel changed much in the last few decades?
- Do you agree that governments should do more to encourage greener methods of transport?
- What measures could be taken to reduce problems of congestion in cities?
- Do you think that transport problems are worse in urban or rural areas?
Các từ vựng hay dùng trong IELTS Speaking trả lời câu hỏi về chủ đề giao thông
Cách đi lại trong các thành phố
- to take/catch the metro / underground / subway
- to take/catch a tram
- to take/catch a bus
- to take/catch a taxi
- to go by car
- to go by motorbike/scooter/moped
- to go by bike/bicycle / to cycle
- to go on foot / to walk
Những cách lại khác
- to go by plane / to take/catch a flight
- to go by / to take/catch a train
- to go by / to take a coach
- to go by / to take/catch a boat/ferry
Những vấn đề về giao thông
- long delays = my flight/plane was delayed
- cancellations = my flight was cancelled
- to lose your luggage
- to miss your connection
- to be stuck in traffic-jams / traffic congestion
- to be held up by roadworks / diversions / accidents
- to break down = my car broke down
- bad weather conditions
- thick fog / icy roads / heavy rain / strong winds / heavy storm
Những giải pháp khác nhau để giải quyết kẹt xe
- road access charges in city centres
- car share schemes / incentives
- bypasses / ringroads
- park and ride schemes
- free rental of city bikes
- more cycle lanes
- more frequent buses / extended network of buses
- cheaper public transport
- more pedestrianised streets
- more electric trams
- more accessible metro system
Câu trả lời mẫu cho phần IELTS Speaking Part 3
What measures could be taken to reduce problems of congestion in cities?
There are many ways that congestion could be reduced in big cities. In my city, for example, they have introduced a bike rental system where members can pick up a bike at one point and drop it off at another. It’s proving to be very popular and as a result more cycle lanes are also being provided.
Another example, which unfortunately doesn’t exist in my city, is a park and ride scheme where you leave your car outside the city in a carpark and then take a free bus into the centre. Another way to prevent people bringing their cars into the city would be to charge a special fee to access the centre, like they do in London, though I guess this wouldn’t be quite so popular with the residents.
Do you think people like to travel far away from home? Why?
Yes, some people do, but not everyone does. Some people don’t like travelling outside their own country, or even their city. A lot of young people like travelling to places far away because they see these places as being more exotic or exciting because everything is different there.
Do you think trains now are more environmentally friendly compared to older models? Why?
Generally, yes … they use cleaner fuel; they’re more efficient, quieter, quicker and less obtrusive. They’re probably a little more comfortable for longer journeys too. Of course, it depends on the type of train you’re travelling on, there’s a big difference between a train which goes between two different countries, long distance, and a subway train used by commuters.
What amenities do the new trains have?
Well, the long distance trains normally have somewhere you can eat, maybe even a bar or restaurant, internet access through Wi-Fi, sometimes a refreshment service where a person comes round with snacks and drinks and of course many trains have sleeper compartments for really long journeys so that people can sleep overnight while travelling. They also have some improved safety features compared to older trains.
Biên soạn: Ce Phan