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Câu hỏi và gợi ý trả lời về chủ đề giao thông (transport) trong phần thi IELTS Writing - Phần 1

Giao thông (traffic) và các loại phương tiện đi lại (Forms of transport) là những chủ đề thường thấy trong các đề thi IELTS Writing trong cả hai phần thì Task 1 và Task 2. 

Ở bài viết trước Ce Phan đã biên soạn bài: câu hỏi và gựi ý trả lời trong bài thi IELTS Speaking chủ đề Giao thông và liệt kê các từ khóa liên quan để các bạn dễ sử dụng khi trả lời các câu hỏi về chủ đề này. Ở bài viết này sẽ giới thiệu các câu hỏi thông dụng trong cùng chủ đề và cũng sẽ có những gựi ý để bạn có thể áp dụng khi viết hoặc các bài viết mẫu được sưu tầm và gửi đến các bạn. 


Task 1

The bar chart below gives information about vehicle ownership in China.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Suggested ideas:

-  motor vehicle possessions in China during a twelve-year period since 1987 until 1999.

-  the number of motors owned by citizens increased gradually and marked a noticeable change of vehicle ownership.

-  quantity of vehicle ownership in China in 1987 pertained a figure of about 300 vehicles per thousand individuals.

-  This number swelled modestly between the year of 1987 and before 1995 which was about 1000 vehicles per thousand people.

-   in 1995, quantity of motor possessions went up dramatically, about 2000 vehicles and was doubled than previous number.

-   this figure grew significantly through the following years and in 1999, it accounted a steep increase, almost 4,100 vehicles had per thousand citizens.

-   a significant change of vehicle ownership between 1987 and 1999.

-   In 1999, it was reckoned approximately twelve times higher than the rate of vehicle possessions in China in 1987.


Task 2: 

Traffic congestion is becoming a huge problem for many major cities. Suggest some measures that could be taken to reduce traffic in big cities.

» You should write at least 250 words.


Suggested ideas:

- traffic jam is increasing significantly and this problem is becoming hugier and hugier for most of the big countries.

- this problem have to be declined because it is a global issue and most people, especially who live there, are suffering severely.

- the minority of commuters do not prefer using public transportation instead of their own cars.

-  it is not impossible to find effective and efficient ways to control these chaos.

- The governments should charge transportation fees dramaticailly for who want to own vehicles individually.

-  there is a variety of fees related to every cars in Vietnam from buying to using such as ...

-  encouragement of using public transportation to travel more frequently.

-   the authorities made an efford to develop public transportation systems sufficiently.

-   not only the ticket price must be decrease reasonablely, but also the service must be better. 

-   although the congestion is a big issue, it can be tackled by improving public transportation and by charging drivers who own those vehicles.

Hãy thực hành trả lời 2 phần thi Task 1 và Task 2 và viết đáp án của bạn xuống bên dưới của bài viết hoặc gửi về Ce Phan thông qua trang địa chỉ Facebook. 


Nguồn: ielts-mentor, Simon-IELTS

Biên soạn: Ce Phan