Tuần này Ce Phan biên soạn các bài học cho chủ đề: Jobs, Careers để bổ sung vào hệ thống Timeline. Ở bài đăng trước, các bạn đã được học về những mẫu câu cơ bản khi nói về công việc của mình, với bài viết này bạn sẽ được thực hành ở mức nâng cao hơn với một bài kiểm tra mẫu với phần từ vựng gợi ý và hướng dẫn trả lời.

Bên dưới là những từ vựng rất thông dụng mà bạn sẽ có thể áp dụng để trả lời các câu hỏi trong phần IELTS Speaking 

 

Những cụm từ thông dụng/ đặc trưng khi nói về công việc

  • to be called for an interview: được gọi đi phỏng vấn. Ex: Although he has been called for an interview, he hasn’t got a job yet.
  • to be your own boss/to run your own business/ to be self-employed: tự làm chủ: tự làm chủ, được làm chủ. Ex: It has been my dream is to be my own boss, because I can do everything in my way If I run my own business.
  • a dead-end job: một công việc không có cơ hội thăng tiến
  • to do a job-share: công việc chia sẻ thời gian làm trong 1 tgian nhất định với người khác. Ex: I decided to go part-time and do a job-share with my friend after returning from maternity leave.
  • a good team player: người có thể làm việc nhóm ăn ý
  • a heavy workload: có rất nhiều việc phải làm. Ex: Many workers are complaining the heavy workload, and they asking for higher salary.
  • a high-powered job: một công việc quan trọng, có quyền lực cao
  • holiday entitlement: số ngày nghỉ phép
  • job satisfaction: cảm giác yêu thích công việc. Ex: Job satisfaction is the most important factor when a person chooses a job.
  • manual work: công việc chân tay. Ex: Many people have manual work that requires them to work in dangerous environment.
  • maternity leave: nghỉ đẻ
  • to meet a deadline: làm xong việc trong đúng thời hạn. Ex: Last week she was really stress, because she had to work too hard to meet the deadlines.
  • a nine-to-five job: công việc 8 tiếng/ngày. Ex: The idea of doing a nine-to-five job is quite arduous for few people.
  • one of the perks of the job: một quyền lợi mà công việc đem lại. Ex: Extra meal is one of the perks of the job, which make employees more satisfied.
  • sick leave: thời gian nghỉ phép khi bị ốm
  • to be stuck behind a desk: không vui vẻ trong công việc văn phòng. Ex: Working full-time in an office can lead to being stuck behind a desk.
  • to be/get stuck in a rut: làm một công việc nhàm chán nhưng mãi không thể bỏ
  • to take early retirement: nghỉ hưu sớm. Ex: Recently, a large number of older worker tend to take early retirement, then they will have more time to travel.
  • temporary work: công việc tạm thời. Ex: Taxi drivers is just my temporary work, I am applying for better job.
  • voluntary work: làm tình nguyện, làm việc không công. Ex: In my free time, I join in voluntary work to help the society.
  • to be well paid: được trả lương cao. Ex: Working in auditing area will be well paid.
  • working conditions: các yêu cầu đi kèm với công việc như giờ giấc, lương lậu,ngày nghỉ phép. Ex: Employer should spend more money on improving the working conditions.
  • to work with your hands: công việc chân tay
  • Manual work: work that requires physical activities. Ex: Many people have manual work that requires them to work in dangerous environment.
  • Shift worka system in which different groups of workers work somewhere at different times of the day and night
  • Morning/Night shift Ex: Many industries rely heavily on shift work, and millions of people work in jobs that require shift schedules.
  • Tempting offer: một đề tài hấp dẫn, một lời đề nghị hấp dẫn Ex: After graduating in economics, I got a very tempting offer from an investment bank and accepted it.
  • Land a new job: get a new (and usually a good) job. Ex: After graduating, I did the usual things of putting together my CV & applying for jobs. Luckily, I landed a fantastic new job at a tourism company.
  • Living wage: enough money to live on. Ex: After doing a job swap, I just got a living wage which didn’t commensurate with my experience & ability.
  • Take up the post: start work. Ex: After being laid off, I went back to my old job and took up the post of editor of a leading fashion journal.
  • Carve a niche for myself: make a special position for myself. Ex: After graduating, I practiced medicine for a number of years in London. I managed to carve a niche for myself as a specialist in dermatology.
  • Job swap Example: I want to take up some fresh challenges so I did a job swap for a year.
  • Do a job-share: situation where 2 people share equal parts of the same job. Ex: I decided to go part-time and do a job-share with my friend after returning from maternity leave.
  • Lay off staff: dismiss staff because there is no work for them to do. Ex: My start-up went through a difficult period and had to lay off staff
  • Volume of workworkload
  • Earn a good living. Ex: I had a substantial volume of work – private students and marking exams – and was able to earn a good living
  • Fast-track scheme: system for rapid training and promotion of talented staff
  • Move up the ladder: being promoted. Ex: I was put on a fast-track scheme and was moving up the ladder fast
  • Throw a sickie: take a day off work pretending to be sick. Ex: I don’t like my job so I throw a sickie from time to time
  • Get the sack: be dismissed. Ex: I want to take one weeks off from work but I’m afraid of getting the sack

 

Thực hành với bài kiểm tra mẫu

IELTS Speaking Test (with sample answers)

Part 1:

1. Do you work or are you a student?

I’m a qualified doctor, but at the moment I’m studying English so that I can work in this country.

What do you do?

At the moment, I am a student, but I also do some voluntary work at my university, in which I can gain a lot of precious experience.

Do you have any career plan yet?

Yes I have, I would like to be self-employed down the road because I am not fond of  a nine-to-five job. I hope that I can run  that sales clothes and accessories.

2. Do you enjoy your job?

Yes, I really enjoy my job. Ever since I was a child I have always wanted to be a doctor; I’ve always wanted to be able to help people.

3. What's the best thing about your job?

The best thing about my job is that I can make a difference in people’s lives. It’s a great feeling to see someone recover after an illness because my colleagues and I were able to help.

4. Do you prefer working alone or with others? Why?

In a hospital you have to work as part of a team. I’ve got used to working with others, and I think you can achieve a lot more as a team than you would alone.

 

Part 2:

Describe your ideal job. You should say

  • What this job is?
  • Whether you would need any qualifications?
  • Whether it would be easy to find work?

And say why you would enjoy this job in particular?

sample answer:

Everyone has their dream job, and I am no exception. Since I was a little boy, it has been my dream to work as human resources management in a multinational company. What make me really want to have the job because I am fond of interacting with other people, then working in the work place will give me the chance to deal with human relationships, not to mention that a teacher from my university compliment on my leader skills and he said that I have the ability to organize people to work together and lead them to boost the productivity, which is one of the reason driving me to the job.

Generally, working in human resources field is likely to be well paid, besides it also challenging for me to find work in the area because the position will require high level of qualification and large amount of experience. Thus, to prepare for my career, I have gained a bachelor in business administration, and I am about to do a mater degree in the field, in which I will specialized in human resources management. Apart from my studies, at that time I did my bachelor, I also took part in several voluntary work. By doing that, I have got a great deal of valuable experience such as social skills and business knowledge as well. I hope that all of this can help me to take my ideal job easier.

 

Similar question:

Describe the job you would most like to have. You should say:

  • what this job would be
  • where you would work
  • which qualifications you would need and 

explain why you would like to have this job most.

sample answer:

I actually realized this passion, a little late in life. I wanted to become a chef in a professional kitchen. Eating food is great, but the process of food preparation and the skill it requires to do that is what I find more intriguing.

I could probably enjoy working and being trained in fine dining restaurants or some cruise ships that offer a variety of international dishes. I would like to get to know different cultures all over the world through food. I think it is one of the aspects that distinguish countries.

To be able to be a chef, I need to have an educational background in culinary arts or professional cookery. I also need to go undergo training in various restaurants to be able to apply the knowledge and information I gathered from the school. A chef is also creative because he is also the one who arranges and presents food that is served.

The kitchen is the only place I have ever felt like I really belong. I love the heat and the pressure.

 

Part 3:

If there are a limited number of jobs available who should be given priority, young people or older people with more experience?

I believe that it should be young worker, although you people cannot possess a rich source of knowledge like the elderly does, they are full of energy, then can motivate other coworkers to work harder, which could have a good effect on the company. additionally, recent years older workers tend to take early retirement, then job vacancies is always available for young people.

What are the disadvantages of working for someone else?

The first things is people being an employee will be put under a lot of pressure. For instance, the workers will have heavy workloads and always have to work to meet the deadlines, which is really stressful. In addition, working for someone means you will have less time to relax and be with your family.

Which jobs would you say are most respected in your country?

If I were asked what the most respected jobs in the country are, I would have to say it would be professional careers such as the fields of law, medicine and engineering. It is the “mainstream choice” and common understanding of parents what they would likely have as a career for their children, simply because of its high projected income and career growth.

Some people say it’s better to work for yourself than be employed by a company. What’s your view?

I would have to say that I agree with the Chinese billionaire Jack Ma. For young people, it is wise to go to a small company because in a big company you are working as part of a system and you are doing specialized repetitive tasks. But when you go to a small company, you’ll learn the passion, the dreams and you’ll learn to do a lot of things at one time.

As you grow, focus on learning and in gathering and developing your skills. When you think you have learned enough, that is the time when you have to think clearly – if you want to be an entrepreneur and to work for yourself.

What changes in employment have there been in recent years in your country?

There has been a rejuvenation of the “entrepreneurial spirit” in our country; more and more people are involved in starting their own businesses. The “start-up” community is now more alive than ever, even college students launch their start-up businesses while in a university. Even though there is a high failing rate of start-up businesses; still, people are starting to take risk and put their ideas into creation.

 

Nguồn:   Internet

Biên  soạn: Ce Phan