Trong chuyên mục Blog IELTS, Ce Phan đã hướng dẫn cụ thể cách viết mô tả cho loại biểu đồ đường (Line Chart) và mô tả bảng số liệu, bảng thống kê (table, statistic). Bài viết này sưu tầm lại những đề bài quen thuộc trong chủ đề về ngôn ngữ (Language) mà bạn hay bắt gặp trong các đề thi IELTS Writing Task 1. 

Bài viết này được đăng và giới thiệu trong chủ đề Getting the message across (Truyền tải thông điệp) trên hệ thống học tiếng Anh CEP Timeline Learning.

I- Trả lời những câu hỏi sau dựa theo biểu đồ bên dưới
   1. What does the graph show? 
   2 What is the main difference between the two lines on the graph? 
   3. Are there any significant similarities or differences between the two language trends? 
   4. What are the main features of each trend? 
   5 How could you divide the information into paragraphs? 

Đề bài:

The graph below shows information about the languages that 13-year-old students in one school chose to study. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

(Tiếng Pháp và tiếng Trung Quốc)

II. Xếp những ý bên dưới theo thứ tự mô tả cho biểu đồ trên. 
   a. Overall, it can be seen that more students have been choosing to study Mandarin, but French is still the most popular language option. 
   b. Over the next five years, the figure fell considerably for French, but rose dramatically for Mandarin and reached a peak at 75 students.  
   c. In 2000, the number of students who took French was 150, compared to just under 10 students who chose Mandarin. 
   d. French gained some popularity in 2006, but has remained fairly stable since then at about 90 students. 
   e. The graph shows how many 13-year-old students studied French and Mandarin between 2000 and the present day in a school in England. 
   f. On the other hand, the trend for French is the opposite. 
   g. So there was a significant difference in numbers at this time. 
   h. According to the data, Mandarin has increased in popularity during this time. 
   i. In contrast, the number of students taking Mandarin dipped in 2006 and then fluctuated, before it returned to 75. 
   j. Since 2005, the trends have not changed as much. 

III. Hãy tìm những từ vựng trong bài tập II đồng nghĩa với những từ bên dưới
   1 went down (có hai cụm từ) 
   2 hit a high point 
   3 has stayed the same 
   4 went up a lot 
   5 went up and down 

IV. Hãy nhìn vào bảng số liệu bên dưới và trả lời. Cột nào?: 
   1. increases significantly? 
   2. fluctuates? 
   3. peaks then falls slightly? 

V.  Hãy điền tỷ lệ % vào những vị trí để trống trong bài viết mẫu sau

The table provides some bac.kground information on the staff working in a global hotel chain. The information goes bac.k to 1975 and c.overs languages spoken and quallfications, as well as previous work experience.

Between 1975 and 2000, there was a signilkant rise in the percentage of employees who held a quallfication in a foreign language, from (1) .............. to (2) .................. After this, there was a slight fall of (3) .................. over the next ten years. 

(4)............... of staff were able to speak at least two languages in 1975. At first, this figure rose by 13 percentation (5) ............... in 1990. However, from 1990 to 2010. it rocketed to (6) ..............

Finally, the percentage of staff with experience in the hotel industry fluctuated between 1975 and 2010. In 1955, there was a peak at (7) ................. ,and this was followed by a sudden fall to (8) ................ five years later figures then went up and down over the next 15 years. 

VI. Hãy gạch chân những từ vựng mô tả xu hướng trong bài tập V.

VII. Hãy viết phần mô tả tổng quát cho xu hướng chung của bảng số liệu trong 1-2 câu văn.

VIII. Hãy điền những giới từ thích hợp vào những chỗ còn trống

   1.  Car sales rose by five percent (in) August. 
   2. The chart shows the number of people finding jobs ......... 2003 and 2007. 
   3. The number of new employees fell .........12 percent last year. 
   4. Yesterday, there was a fall ......... ten degrees in city temperatures. 
   5. There will be an increase ......... taxi fares next month. 
   6. Customer complaints have gone down below 100. 
   7. The percentage of people needing medical treatment peaked ......... 35 in 2009. 

IX. Hãy tìm những giới từ bị sử dụng sai và sửa lại cho đúng.

  1.  The oldest underground railway was built in London on 1863.( "on" - sai, sửa lại thành "in")
   2.  In general, all the figures gradually increased over 1911 to 2001. 
   3. There is no evidence that a rise of petrol prices leads to less traffic. 
   4. The number of people peaked to 5,523 in 2001. 
   5. Spending on teachers' salaries fell on 5%. 
   6. The temperature decreased until a low of three degrees in December. 
   7. During the period of 1986 and 1999 there was a gradual increase. 
   8. The profits experienced an increase by $2m. 


X. Hãy viết mô tả cho biểu đồ bên dưới và đề cập tới những ý chính sau:

   • what the graph shows

   • how you will organise your report - what each paragraph will contain

   • what your overview will include.

The graph below shows information about the recruitment of teachers in Ontario between 2001 and 2007. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 


Nguồn: Complete IELTS band 5 - 6.5

Biên soạn: Ce Phan