Bên dưới đây là 3 bài tập được biên soạn để các học viên thực hành trong lớp học IELTS Writing. Quý bạn đọc cũng có thể dựa theo đó để thực hành theo và tự cải thiện khả năng viết của mình. 

Question 1: In many cities the use of video cameras in public places is being increased in order to reduce crime, but some people believe that these measures restrict our individual freedom.
Do the benefits of increased security outweigh the drawbacks?

Translate these ideas into English basing on the suggested words:

1. video surveillance ; commonplace (adj) ; critics ; an invasion of privacy ; outweigh (v)

Đúng là việc giám sát bằng video đã trở nên phổ biến ở nhiều thành phố trong những năm gần đây. Trong khi tôi hiểu rằng các nhà phê bình có thể coi đây là một hành vi xâm phạm quyền riêng tư, nhưng tôi tin rằng những lợi ích sẽ lớn hơn những mặt hạn chế của nó.

2. disapprove (v)

Có hai lý do chính khiến mọi người có thể không chấp nhận việc sử dụng các máy quay video ở những nơi công cộng.

3. the first objection ; (to) invade one’s privacy ; in the sense that ; private security firms ; (to) find something intrusive ; a form of state control ; curtail (v)

Sự phản đối đầu tiên là các máy quay này xâm phạm quyền riêng tư của chúng ta, xét theo nghĩa là chúng ta liên tục bị theo dõi bởi các cơ quan chức năng hoặc các công ty an ninh tư nhân. Nhiều người nhận thấy điều này quấy rầy và cảm thấy rằng việc ghi lại những di chuyển của họ như một hình thức kiểm soát của nhà nước mà nó làm giảm quyền tự do cá nhân của họ.

4. the proliferation of CCTV cameras ; police officers patrolling ; indeed happen ; members of the public

Lập luận thứ hai chống lại sự gia tăng của các camera CCTV là chúng đang được sử dụng như là một sự thay thế cho cảnh sát tuần tra trên đường phố. Nếu điều này thực sự xảy ra, thì không chắc là công chúng viên sẽ cảm thấy an toàn hơn.

5. a positive measure

Mặc dù có những hạn chế nêu trên, tôi tin rằng việc sử dụng các máy quay video để theo dõi các khu vực công cộng là một biện pháp tích cực.

6. The key objective ; (to) deter criminals ; shoplifters ; pickpockets

Mục tiêu chính của giám sát bằng video là ngăn chặn những tên tội phạm và ngăn ngừa tội phạm. Ví dụ, những tội phạm nhỏ như những tay trộm đồ trong cửa hang và kẻ móc túi thì ít có khả năng hoạt động ở những khu vực trong thành phố nơi họ biết rằng họ đang bị theo dõi.

7. (be) committed ; (to) prosecute offenders ; therefore ; alike

Đồng thời, khi tội phạm phạm tội, cảnh sát có thể sử dụng bằng chứng video để bắt và truy tố những người vi phạm. Do đó, theo quan điểm của tôi, máy quay video cung cấp sự hỗ trợ giá trị cho cảnh sát, và họ làm cho thành phố an toàn hơn cho cư dân, công nhân và cũng như khách truy cập

8. the enhanced security

Tóm lại, dường như với tôi rằng chúng ta đạt được nhiều hơn so với những gì gì chúng ta mất từ sự bảo mật được nâng cao mà các camera CCTV mang đến cho các thành phố của chúng ta.

 

Question 2: Some parents buy their children whatever they ask for, and allow their children to do whatever they want. Is this a good way to raise children? What consequences could this style of parenting have for children as they get older?

Write your essay basing on this template:

It is true that
In my opinion,

I believe that
Having + past participle (personal example)
In my view,

The first and most obvious
One consequence of
A second negative
This may lead, for example, to

In conclusion, … should …, and I do not believe that…

 

Question 3Some people believe that school children should not be given homework by their teachers, whereas others argue that homework plays an important role in the education of children. Discuss both of these views and give your own opinion.

Write your essay basing on this template:

People’s opinions differ as to whether or not
While there are some strong arguments against….., I still believe that

There are several reasons why people might argue that
Firstly,
Secondly,
Finally,

In spite of the above arguments, I support the view that
The main benefit of
For example,
In my view,

In conclusion, ….. certainly has its drawbacks, but I believe that the benefits outweigh them in the long term.

 

 

Answer keys:

Exercise 1: 

1. It is true that video surveillance has become commonplace in many cities in recent years. While I understand that critics may see this as an invasion of privacy, I believe that the benefits do outweigh the drawbacks.

2. There are two main reasons why people might disapprove of the use of video cameras in public places.

3. The first objection is that these cameras invade our privacy, in the sense that we are constantly being watched by the authorities or by private security firms. Many people find this intrusive and feel that the recording of their movements is a form of state control that curtails their individual freedom. 

4. The second argument against the proliferation of CCTV cameras is that they are being used as an alternative to police officers patrolling the streets. If this is indeed happening, then it is unlikely that members of the public will feel safer.

5. In spite of the drawbacks mentioned above, I believe that the use of video cameras to monitor public areas is a positive measure. 

6. The key objective of video surveillance is to deter criminals and to prevent crime. For example, petty criminals like shoplifters and pickpockets are less likely to operate in parts of cities where they know that they are being watched.

7. At the same time, when crimes are committed, the police can use video evidence to catch and prosecute offenders. Therefore, in my view, video cameras offer valuable support to police officers, and they make cities safer for inhabitants, workers and visitors alike.

8. In conclusion, it seems to me that we gain more than we lose from the enhanced security that CCTV cameras bring to our cities.

 

Exercise 2:  Sample essay from Simon Examiner

It is true that some parents are overly permissive and tend to spoil their children. In my opinion, this is not a good parenting style, and it can have a range of negative long-term consequences.

If parents want to raise respectful and well-behaved children, I believe that a certain amount of discipline is necessary. Having worked with children myself, I have learnt that clear expectations and boundaries are necessary, and it is important to be able to say ‘no’ to children when they misbehave or try to push against these boundaries. This is the only way to help young people to regulate their desires and develop self-control. In my view, parents who do the opposite and constantly give in to their children’s demands, are actually doing more harm than good. They are failing their children rather than being kind to them.

The children of indulgent or lenient parents are likely to grow up with several negative personality traits. The first and most obvious danger is that these children will become self-centred adults who show little consideration for the feelings or needs of others. One consequence of such an attitude could be that these adults are unable to work successfully in teams with other colleagues. A second negative trait in such people could be impulsiveness. A person who has never lived with any boundaries is likely to lack the patience to carefully consider options before making decisions. This may lead, for example, to compulsive shopping, unwise financial decisions, or even criminal activity.

In conclusion, parents should help their children to develop self-control and respect for others, and I do not believe that the permissive parenting style supports this objective.

 

Exercise 3:  Sample essay from Simon Examiner

People’s opinions differ as to whether or not school children should be given homework. While there are some strong arguments against the setting of homework, I still believe that it is a necessary aspect of education.

There are several reasons why people might argue that homework is an unnecessary burden on children. Firstly, there is evidence to support the idea that homework does nothing to improve educational outcomes. Countries such as Finland, where school children are not given homework, regularly top international educational league tables and outperform nations where setting homework is the norm. Secondly, many parents would agree that the school day is already long enough, and leaves their children too tired to do further study when they return home. Finally, it is recognised that play time is just as beneficial as study time from the perspective of brain development.

In spite of the above arguments, I support the view that homework has an important role to play in the schooling of children. The main benefit of homework is that it encourages independent learning and problem solving, as children are challenged to work through tasks alone and at their own pace. In doing so, students must apply the knowledge that they have learnt in the classroom. For example, by doing mathematics exercises at home, students consolidate their understanding of the concepts taught by their teacher at school. In my view, it is important for children to develop an independent study habit because this prepares them to work alone as adults.

In conclusion, homework certainly has its drawbacks, but I believe that the benefits outweigh them in the long term.