Bài viết liên quan:

Trong 3 bài hướng dẫn kỳ trước theo thứ tự (bài 1, bài 2, bài 3) thì Ce Phan đã giới thiệu tới các em một số câu hỏi mẫu và gửi ý trả lời cho những câu hỏi thông dụng về chủ đề Giao thông trong bài thi IELTS Writing. 

Bài đăng lần này sẽ đề cập tới 3 loại biểu đồ khác trong cùng chủ đề về Giao thông, Phương tiện Giao thông để giúp các em làm quen với cách phân tích đề bài ở mức khó hơn và sử dụng được các từ vựng đặc trưng cho từng loại câu hỏi và theo nội dung được đề cập. 

Question 1: Bar chart

The graph below shows the different modes of transport used to travel to and from work in one European city in 1960, 1980 and 2000.

The sample answer below is written with most of simple sentences. Transfer those sentences to compound and complex sentences. (Hãy biến những câu đơn trong bài viết mẫu bên dưới thành một bài hoàn chỉnh với dạng câu ghép và câu phức)

Exercise 1:

The given bar graph shows data on the type of transportation. That is used to go to work and to return from the work in three different years. Private car has become the most popular mode of transportation for the office goers. Over time, the popularity of bus has decreased.

In 1960, around 20% people used trains. 7% people used cars. 28% people used tubes. Around 40% people used buses. People used train, car, tube and bus to go to work or to return from work. After 20 years, the popularity of train and car increased. The popularity of tube and bus decreased. In this year, more people used train than any other transportation. The least used type of transportation was the tube and personal car in 1980. Finally, in 2000, the scenario changed. The car became the most popular mode of transportation. The car was used by more than 37% people. The second most popular transportation was tube. Train and bus became the least preferred mode of transportation.

People started preferring private cars over the public bus and train over the time.    

Exercise 2: 

The provided bar graph gives information on the four types of transports. They are used in one European city during 1960, 1980 and 2000. Major changes were observed in the usage of cars and buses. Cars become the most preferred transportation type in the later year. 

In 1960, the maximum proportion of people travelled by bus (about 38%).It is compared to the 6% car owners. In 2000, Around 37% population preferred travelling by cars. Whereas only 15% bus passengers were there. The proportion of people remained on an average between 20% to 30% during the 3 years period. Tubes were popular even in later years. Commuters increased from 19% in 1960 to 28% in 1980. The figures reduced to 22% by 2000. Cars and buses showed an opposite trend in their popularity. 

There was a tremendous rise in the usage of cars from 1960 to 2000.


Question 2: The bar chart

The graph below shows the different modes of transport used to travel to and from work in one European city in 1960, 1980 and 2000.


Question 3: 3 pie charts

The charts show the world traffic volume measured in passenger-kilometer-miles.

Exercise 1

Fill in the gaps by the common keywords which are often used in the IELTS Writing Task 1. (Hãy sử dụng những từ khoá quen thuộc của IELTS Writing Task 1 để điền vào những chỗ trống sau)

________________________ the volume of traffic in different forms in every thirty years ___________ (which has been measured in passenger-kilometer-miles).

________________________ the volume of traffic in 1990 ______ about 23.3 trillion pkm and __________________ that this amount _____reach to 53 and 103 trillion pkm in 2020 and 2050 ____________.

________________________, the proportion of buses in traffic was 29% in ______ and according to predictions this figure will _______ to 26% and 20% in _____ and 2050 respectively. Moving to automobiles, in 1990 its proportion was 53% and ________________________ this amount will _______ at 43% and 35% in 2020 and 2050. _________, railways represented 9% in 1990 and ______30 years this percent will decrease to 6% and in 2050, it will fall to 4%. ________, projections have shown that the proportion of high-speed transport will have an ________________ from 9% in 1990 to 25% and 41% in every further 30 years.

__________________, unlike to high-speed transport, the proportion of other vehicles in traffic volume will have a _____________ until middle of the twenty-one century.


Some useful words: (to) prophesy = (to) predict, prognosticate


Question 4: Pie chart and Table 

The diagrams below give information on transport and car use in Edmonton.

Exercise 1

Fill in the gaps by the appropriate words which complete the sentences. (Hãy sử dụng những từ vựng phù hợp vào những chỗ trống để tạo thành những câu có nghĩa)

The given data shows ____________________________ used in Edmonton. According to the given information, car was the most common transportation type ___________________________ and work & business purpose was ____________________ they traveled.

As is presented in the pie chart, 45% travel was made by cars whereas ___________________ was used 35%. These two were ____________________________ used by the people of Edmonton. Bus and Taxi _________________ 10% of the total travel which were much lesser than _____________________________.

According to the table data, most people travelled ____________ to work and the percentage of it was 55. ________________ travelled for business purpose which was 10% less than the work commuting reason. For shopping and leisure activity 15% people travelled and to ____________________ was another reason people travelled which occupies 40% of their total travel.

In conclusion, people of Edmonton travelled ________ for work, business and to reach their children to school and they used mostly __________________ for that.  


Question 5: Map 

The diagram shows proposed changes to Foster Road.

IELTS map diagram

Sample essay

The diagram shows proposals to transform Foster Road between SE 84th and 85th Avenue into a tree-lined avenue that is safer for pedestrians and cyclists.

First of all, the planners propose to widen the sidewalk on both sides of the road and add bicycle lanes. This will mean reducing the number of lanes for cars and other vehicles. A pedestrian crossing will also be installed at the lower end of the street, near the gas station. This crossing will include an island in the middle where people can wait in safety.

In addition to the safety measures above, planners also want to plant trees along both sides of the road. These trees will transform the appearance of the neighbourhood as well as provide vital extra shade for pedestrians.

To summarise, under these proposals, the needs of local residents will be better served by making Foster Road a safer and more pleasant environment.

(152 words, IELTS 9.0, source: http://ielts-academic.com)


Biên soạn: Ce Phan